Sonata and Symphony son of Alessandro Scarlatti left italy in the early s and lived in Portugal and then in Madrid, Spain, for the rest of his life Scarlatti published his sonatas for harpsichord in a collection called Essercizi, 'Excercizes' Scarlatti's sonata: The Classical Sonata Form The form of the first movement either of the sonata form itself, or of the symphony, or the trio, or of the string quartet, from the late 18th and the early 19th century The Sonata Form consists of three sections:
For the next century, Europe would be in turmoil as new political and religious boundaries were determined, often through bloody military conflicts. Only inwith the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia, did the conflicts between Protestants and Catholics subside in continental Europe. The Church responded to the crisis in two ways: Thus, while the first two decades of the 16th century were a period of lavish spending for the Papacy, the middle decades were a period of austerity.
As one visitor to Rome noted in the s, the entire city had become a convent. Piety and asceticism ruled the day.
The Crucifixion of St. It had emerged from the crisis with renewed vigor and clarity of purpose. Shepherding the faithful—instructing them on Catholic doctrines and inspiring virtuous behavior—took center stage.
In the eyes of faithful Catholics, Rome was not an unfaithful whore, but a pure bride, beautifully adorned for her union with her divine spouse.
The art of persuasion: The visual arts, the Church argued, played a key role in guiding the faithful. In order to be effective in its pastoral role, religious art had to be clear, persuasive, and powerful.
Not only did it have to instruct, it had to inspire. Caravaggio, The Crowning with Thorns,oil on canvas, Still others, like Giovanni Battista Gaulli, turned to daring feats of illusionism that blurred not only the boundaries between painting, sculpture, and architecture, but also those between the real and depicted worlds.
In so doing, the divine was made physically present and palpable. In Spain and its colonies, rulers invested vast resources on elaborate church facades, stunning, gold-covered chapels and tabernacles, and strikingly-realistic polychrome sculpture.
In the Spanish Netherlands, where sacred art had suffered terribly as a result of the Protestant iconoclasm—the destruction of art—civic and religious leaders prioritized the adornment of churches as the region reclaimed its Catholic identity.
Louis XIV, for example, commissioned the splendid buildings and gardens of Versailles as a visual expression of his divine right to rule. Two of the wealthiest sources of patronage—the monarchy and the Church—were now gone. By the middle of the 17th century, a new market had emerged to meet the artistic tastes of this class.
The demand was now for smaller-scale paintings suitable for display in private homes. Judith Leyster, Self-Portrait, c. In all of these genres, artists revealed a keen interest in replicating observed reality—whether it be the light on the Dutch landscape, the momentary expression on a face, or the varied textures and materials of the objects the Dutch collected as they reaped the benefits of their expanding mercantile empire.During the Baroque period, composers experimented with musical contrasts that differed greatly from the music of the Renaissance.
They used what is known as a melodic soprano line supported by a bass line. First, we'll get a chance to "live" during the Baroque period by taking a detailed look inside the life, career, and even home of Bach-- explore where and how Bach and his family lived, discuss Bach’s music, and talk about the techniques of Baroque music as a whole.
Music in The Baroque Era video. Learning Objectives for this video: Classical Music Baroque Period. Learn about Music in the Baroque Era.
Learn about the evolution of Western classical music, from Gregorian chant to the early works of Ludwig van Beethoven, whose career marks one of the great turning points in musical history. An introduction to the characteristics of Baroque music.
Get informed about what are the characteristics of Baroque music. The Baroque period followed the Renaissance and is broadly agreed to cover the years from until around The Enjoyment of Music Part 3: The Baroque Era priest" for The Color of His Hair The first era of Western music history in which instrumental music was a major focus for composers was the Baroque Vivaldi lived and worked in Venice The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient.
Baroque music (US: / b ə ˈ r oʊ k / or UK: / b ə ˈ r ɒ k /) is a period or style of Western art music composed from approximately to This era followed the Renaissance music era, and was followed in turn by the Classical era.