Drivers and modes of entry for multinational enterprises economics essay

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Drivers and modes of entry for multinational enterprises economics essay

Add in the marines and the total wearing uniforms is still no more than 25, to 30, Perhaps with a similar number of civilian employees. In a prolonged major war this would expand greatly. But this is supported by trade. If the cost of trade protection the insurance premium approaches or even exceeds the value of trade itself, there will be a collapse of political support.

Operations in a trade war will be primarily in space. If large scale planetary landings are required, cargo ships can be pressed into service as troop transports.

Drivers and modes of entry for multinational enterprises economics essay

Light infantry is roughly equivalent to civil passengers: So for an invasion force, 3 ton equivalent cargo capacity per soldier, not counting the naval escort. Buttroops is a pretty big force to invade a planet of 10 million people.

Middle-period Empire Suppose instead of 12 worlds, the empire had a thousand worlds, each with a population of million. Then all the above can be multiplied by a factor of over Improved technology will increase size and number of ships.

If typical ships is x3 in linear dimensions they will be x27 greater in mass, and fleet can have x30 as many of them. Cargo capacity 1 million tons.

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Full-load mass of 5 million tons each. Empire will have about ships of that size and some larger.

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It will have 50, medium cargo ships with cargo capacity of 20, tons, and hundreds of thousands of smaller vessels. Great hub-route stations will have population in the millions.

Navy battlecruisers will be 1 km long, full-load mass of 3 million tons. Empire will have battlecruisers in the fleet. It will have thousands of cruisers with a full-load mass oftons. Galactic Empireworlds with average population of few billion each.

The scale factor is another x You can do the math yourself. Goods Cyrano Jonestribble trader. Star Trek "The Trouble with Tribbles" Naturally, to make interstellar trade work, you need the cost of interstellar transport to be incredibly low, or the value of the trade item to be incredibly high.

Raw minerals probably are not valuable enough, it will probably be cheaper to synthesize rare elements instead of shipping them in. As for manufactured goods, why not just send the blueprints by radio or by your Dirac Poweredtm FTL Ansible communicator?

In a future where everybody has 3D printers and rapid prototyping machinesthe economy would be based upon trading intellectual property.

Prerequisites

Since there does not seem to be any real-world trade item worth interstellar trade unless it is cheaper to ship from another star than it is from another cityyou will probably be forced to invent some species of MacGuffinite.

Robert Forward proposed prospecting for Hawking black holes. In the old SPI game StarForcethe only valuable commodity is "telesthetic" women, who are the sine qua non of FTL travel, and who cannot be mass produced by genetic engineering.

Sometimes humans and aliens discover that one man's trash is another man's treasure. They are shipped by Starwisp. Artwork by Ed Emshwiller for Astounding Science Fiction December Spices I will note that historically one of the most valuable trade goods was spices.Entry mode research, that is, academic interest and publications on entry mode decisions, has significantly increased since (Canabal and White, ).

Foreign Direct Investment: The OLI Framework The “OLI” or “eclectic” approach to the study of foreign direct investment (FDI) was It has proved an extremely fruitful way of thinking about multinational enterprises (MNEs) and has inspired a great deal of applied work in economics and international business.

entry modes such as. These companies make the modes of entry to foreign countries diverse and complex. The various modes of entry to the foreign markets are: Licensing & franchising, Exports, Joint ventures, foreign direct investment etc.

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Introduction

Favorable economic conditions in an emerging market should on their own affect the decision of large multinational manufacturing enterprises with well know brand names, accumulated international business experience in similar markets, and substantial financial backing to enter this market employing the riskiest entry mode types if these conditions are to last for a foreseeable future.

This research is concerned with the issue of international market entry with particular emphasis on the different entry modes of Exports and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in the UK market by Australian firms.

Australia and the UK are both prominent economies in the international arena and share a strong trade and investment relationship.

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