Petersburg was unquestionably one of the most modern, cultured, and cosmopolitan cities in the world.
Narva Triumphal Gate at the Stachek Square. He named the city after his patron saint, the apostle Saint Peter. Sankt, as in Sankt Goar and some other European cities is a common misconception about the " Dutch cultural origin "; for local versions, there are "Sant"  or Sint in modern Dutch. Besides NetherlandsPeter the Great also spent three months in Great Britain so it is preferable to speak about the general European experience which influenced the tsar.
Petersburg" is actually used as an English equivalent to three variant forms of the name: The full name is often substituted by the abbreviation SPb. Petrogradthe name given in on the outbreak of World War I to avoid the German sound of Petersburg, was a Slavic translation of the previous name.
The name was changed to Leningrad in The city was built under adverse weather and geographical conditions. The high mortality rate required a constant supply of workers. Peter ordered a yearly conscription of 40, serfsone conscript for every nine to sixteen households.
Conscripts had to provide their own tools and food for the journey of hundreds of kilometres, on foot, in gangs, often escorted by military guards and shackled to prevent desertion, but many escaped; others died from disease and exposure under the harsh conditions.
The marshland was drained and the city spread outward from the fortress under the supervision of German and Dutch engineers whom Peter had invited to Russia. Peter restricted the construction of stone buildings in all of Russia outside St Petersburg so that all stonemasons would come to help build the new city.
Substantial immigration of educated professionals eventually turned St. Petersburg into a much more cosmopolitan city than Moscow and the rest of Russia. Inspired by Venice and AmsterdamPeter the Great proposed boats and coracles as means of transport in his city of canals.
Initially there were only 12 permanent bridges over smaller waterways, while the Bolshaya Neva was crossed by boats in the summertime and by foot or horse carriages during winter. A pontoon bridge over Neva was built every summer. Peter was impressed by the Versailles and other palaces in Europe.
His official palace of a comparable importance in Peterhof was the first suburban palace permanently used by the Tsar as the primary official residence and the place for official receptions and state balls.
The waterfront palace, Monplaisirand the Great Peterhof Palace were built between and Petersburg Academy of Sciences was established in the city. After the death of Peter the Great, Menshikov was arrested and exiled to Siberia. Petersburg again became the capital of Russia and remained the seat of the government for about two centuries.
Petersburg prospered under the rule of two most powerful women in Russian history. She cut taxes, downsized government, and was known for masqerades and festivities, amassing a wardrobe of about 12 thousand dresses, most of them now preserved as museum art pieces.
She supported the Russian Academy of Sciences and completed both the Winter Palace and the Summer Palacewhich then became residences of Empress Catherine the Greatwho reigned for 34 years, from to Under her rule, which exemplified that of an enlightened despotmore palaces were built in St.
Petersburg than in any other capital in the world. Peterburg had shaped the course of history in Russia and influenced the world. His mysterious death in was marked by the Decembrist revoltwhich was suppressed by the Emperor Nicholas Iwho ordered execution of leaders and exiled hundreds of their followers to Siberia.
Nicholas I then pushed for Russian nationalism by suppressing non-Russian nationalities and religions. Petersburg up, in spite of repressions.
Petersburg eventually gained international recognition as a gateway for trade and business, as well as a cosmopolitan cultural hub. Music, theatre and ballet became firmly established and gained international stature. The emancipation of the serfs caused the influx of large numbers of poor into the capital.
Tenements were erected on the outskirts, and nascent industry sprang up, surpassing Moscow in population and industrial growth.In times gone by: An era-by-era history of St. Petersburg Since St. Petersburg was founded in by Peter the Great, for whom the planning and construction of the city were matters of great personal interest, each of Russia's rulers has in one way or another left their mark on the city.
St Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great in as Russia’s “window on Europe.” The first building was the Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy (Hare) Island.
The earliest residential property was the wooden Cabin of Peter of Great. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg, city and port, extreme northwestern Russia. It is a major historical and cultural center, as well as Russia’s second-largest city. For two centuries (–) it was the capital of the Russian Empire.
Its historic district was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in St.
Petersburg founded by Peter the Great After winning access to the Baltic Sea through his victories in the Great Northern War, Czar Peter I founds the city of St. Petersburg as the new Russian. History Of The Building St Petersburg History Essay Peter the Great’s cruelty and ambition came together in the grandeur of his most enduring project: the creation of a modern capital city on Published: Mon, 5 Dec ST.
PETERSBURG. From until , St. Petersburg was the capital of the Russian Empire. Peter I (the Great) began the construction of the city as his "Window on the West" in During the subsequent three centuries, St. Petersburg was identified with the three major forces shaping Russian history: Westernization, industrialization, and revolution.
St Petersburg was founded by Peter the Great in as Russia’s “window on Europe.” The first building was the Peter and Paul Fortress on Zayachy (Hare) Island. The earliest residential property was the wooden Cabin of Peter of Great. Importance of St. Petersburg in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment - Importance of St. Petersburg in Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment explores the dangerous effects of St. Petersburg, a malignant city, on the psyche of the impoverished student Raskolnikov. In times gone by: An era-by-era history of St. Petersburg Since St. Petersburg was founded in by Peter the Great, for whom the planning and construction of the city were matters of great personal interest, each of Russia's rulers has in one way or another left their mark on the city.