Regular income from all sources could be considered to arrive at the eligible loan amount, provided the sanctioning authority is satisfied about the same. The loan amount will be limited to the Cost of the Project less margin money to be contributed by the applicant or the upper ceiling fixed for the activity.
Inevitably such an approach leads to a plethora of farm types.
A different approach is taken here. Emphasis is on farm-system structure from a farm management and farm-household perspective with classification based on: From such a structural viewpoint there are basically six major types of farm system to be found in Asia and elsewhere around the developing world with dozens of subtypes constituting a continuum of farm types between the extremes of a totally subsistence to a totally commercial orientation.
The six basic farm types are: Small subsistence-oriented family farms. Small semi-subsistence or part-commercial family farms, usually of one half to two hectares, but area is not a good criterion: Small independent specialized family farms.
Small dependent specialized family farms, often with the family as tenants. Large commercial family farms, usually specialized and operated along modified estate lines. Commercial estates, usually mono-crop and with hired management and absentee ownership.
Each of the six farm types is now discussed in turn. Small subsistence-oriented family farms There are two main subtypes. First, and of lesser numerical importance, are those based on only one or two crops or livestock types e. Some farms of this subtype are based more on exploitation or management of a local natural resource - in the extreme case, by use of shifting cultivation or by nomadism - than on deliberate choice of their main farm enterprise e.
However, the main group of Asian subsistence-oriented farms is based on a wide range of crops and animal types.
This second subtype is of necessity more highly mixed than are Type 2 part-commercial farms. Farms which are completely self-sufficient are rare, but self-sufficiency remains the operating objective and, if forced by circumstances, farms of this type could exist in isolation from the outside world.
The structure of a Type 1 farm is exemplified in Figure 2. The focus for evaluation and analysis of Type 1 farms is the household rather than the farm component of the system.
However, Type 1 farms have most of the characteristics of Type 2 farms and these are discussed below in relation to this latter type.
Small semi-subsistence or part-commercial family farms This type is predominant throughout South and South East Asia in terms of the number of such units, the large number of people supported by them and the total volume of their production - especially of basic foodstuffs.
Such cash is obtained primarily by sale of commodities which are surplus to family requirements, and secondarily - where this is possible - by production and sale of some cash crop raised specifically for this purpose.
The comparative operating objectives of this and other farm types are discussed in Chapter 6. Type 2 farms can be further classified according to geographical occurrence e. However, they are all basically similar in their crop activities which consist essentially of one or more staple food crops plus a leguminous protein source plus an oil crop see Section 9.
Some examples of geographically typical crop mixes are: Livestock, whether fish, poultry or larger animals, are typically important on Type 2 farms.Poultry farming means 'raising various types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs and feather production'.
The most common and widely raised poultry birds are chicken. About 5k million chickens are being raised every year as a source of food (both meat and eggs of chicken). Prepare Poultry farming business plan which includes from purchase of birds to selling. Construct a poultry shed on elevated area in the directions of East-West where you can get good ventilation along with airflow.
You have to make proper poultry housing plans, before starting poultry farming business or making a poultry house. Choose a suitable place for building chicken coop. There are many ways of making poultry house. So, you have to chose the method on how you will build a poultry house.
You have to make a proper and affordable poultry housing . 🔥Citing and more! Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes.
Healthy and high quality goat breeds are must for better production. Malabari, Jamunapari, Osmanabadi, Boer, Saanen are very suitable for both domestic and commercial goat farming in Kerala.
According to the environment and weather of Kerala, this goat breeds are very suitable and produce highly in proper care and management. Tamil Nadu (Tamiḻ Nāḍu Tamil pronunciation: [t̪amiɻ n̪aːᶑu] () "Tamil Country", formerly Madras State) is one of the 29 states of r-bridal.com capital and largest city is Chennai (formerly known as Madras).
Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian subcontinent and is bordered by the union territory of Puducherry and the South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra.