Structuralism and Semiotics Structuralism Structuralism is a way of thinking about the world which is predominantly concerned with the perceptions and description of structures. At its simplest, structuralism claims that the nature of every element in any given situation has no significance by itself, and in fact is determined by all the other elements involved in that situation.
Egyptian hieroglyphs with cartouches for the name " Ramesses II ", from the Luxor TempleNew Kingdom The history of literature follows closely the development of civilization.
When defined exclusively as written work, Ancient Egyptian literature along with Sumerian literatureare considered the world's oldest literatures. Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations.
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April Learn how and when to remove this template message Different Prose essay literary term periods are Prose essay literary term in literature. National and tribal sagas, accounts of the origin of the world and of customs, and myths which sometimes carry moral or spiritual messages predominate in the pre-urban eras.
The epics of Homerdating from the early to middle Iron ageand the great Indian epics of a slightly later period, have more evidence of deliberate literary authorship, surviving like the older myths through oral tradition for long periods before being written down.
Literature in all its forms can be seen as written records, whether the literature itself be factual or fictional, it is still quite possible to decipher facts through things like characters' actions and words or the authors' style of writing and the intent behind the words. The plot is for more than just entertainment purposes; within it lies information about economics, psychology, science, religions, politics, cultures, and social depth.
Studying and analyzing literature becomes very important in terms of learning about human history. Literature provides insights about about how society has evolved and about the societal norms during each of the different periods all throughout history.
For instance, postmodern authors argue that history and fiction both constitute systems of signification by which we make sense of the past. Authors often include historical moments in their works, like when Lord Byron talks about the Spanish and the French in "Childe Harold's Pilgrimage: Canto I"  and expresses his opinions through his character Childe Harold.
Through literature we are able to continuously uncover new information about history. It is easy to see how all academic fields have roots in literature.
Eventually everything was written down, from things like home remedies and cures for illness, or how to build shelter to traditions and religious practices.
From there people were able to study literature, improve on ideas, further our knowledge, and academic fields such as the medical field or trades could be started. In much the same way as the literature that we study today continue to be updated as we[ who?
As a more urban culture developed, academies provided a means of transmission for speculative and philosophical literature in early civilizations, resulting in the prevalence of literature in Ancient ChinaAncient IndiaPersia and Ancient Greece and Rome.
Many works of earlier periods, even in narrative form, had a covert moral or didactic purpose, such as the Sanskrit Panchatantra or the Metamorphoses of Ovid. Drama and satire also developed as urban culture provided a larger public audience, and later readership, for literary production. Lyric poetry as opposed to epic poetry was often the speciality of courts and aristocratic circles, particularly in East Asia where songs were collected by the Chinese aristocracy as poems, the most notable being the Shijing or Book of Songs.
Over a long period, the poetry of popular pre-literate balladry and song interpenetrated and eventually influenced poetry in the literary medium.
In ancient China, early literature was primarily focused on philosophy, historiographymilitary scienceagriculture, and poetry. China, the origin of modern paper making and woodblock printingproduced the world's first print cultures.
The most important of these include the Classics of Confucianismof Daoismof Mohismof Legalismas well as works of military science e.
Sima Qian 's Records of the Grand Historian. Ancient Chinese literature had a heavy emphasis on historiography, with often very detailed court records. In ancient India, literature originated from stories that were originally orally transmitted.
Early genres included dramafablessutras and epic poetry. The Vedas are among the oldest sacred texts. The Samhitas vedic collections date to roughly — BCE, and the "circum-Vedic" texts, as well as the redaction of the Samhitas, date to c.
In ancient Greece, the epics of Homerwho wrote the Iliad and the Odysseyand Hesiodwho wrote Works and Days and Theogonyare some of the earliest, and most influential, of Ancient Greek literature. Classical Greek genres included philosophy, poetryhistoriography, comedies and dramas.
Plato and Aristotle authored philosophical texts that are the foundation of Western philosophySappho and Pindar were influential lyric poetsand Herodotus and Thucydides were early Greek historians.
Although drama was popular in Ancient Greece, of the hundreds of tragedies written and performed during the classical ageonly a limited number of plays by three authors still exist: AeschylusSophoclesand Euripides.
The plays of Aristophanes provide the only real examples of a genre of comic drama known as Old Comedythe earliest form of Greek Comedy, and are in fact used to define the genre.
Controversial, religious, political and instructional literature proliferated during the Renaissance as a result of the invention of printing, while the mediaeval romance developed into a more character-based and psychological form of narrative, the novelof which early and important examples are the Chinese Monkey and the German Faust books.
In the Age of Reason philosophical tracts and speculations on history and human nature integrated literature with social and political developments. The inevitable reaction was the explosion of Romanticism in the later 18th century which reclaimed the imaginative and fantastical bias of old romances and folk-literature and asserted the primacy of individual experience and emotion.
But as the 19th century went on, European fiction evolved towards realism and naturalismthe meticulous documentation of real life and social trends.
Much of the output of naturalism was implicitly polemical, and influenced social and political change, but 20th century fiction and drama moved back towards the subjective, emphasizing unconscious motivations and social and environmental pressures on the individual.Video: Glossary of Literary Terms: Prose The study of literature is a broad, diverse field.
However, there's some general knowledge you should have before you dive in. Check out these terms to get. An essay is a form of writing in paragraph form that uses informal language, although it can be written formally. Essays may be written in first-person point of view (I, ours, mine), but third-person (people, he, she) is preferable in most academic essays.
Unlike most other literary devices, prose has a negative definition: in other words, it’s defined by what it isn’t rather than by what it is. (It isn’t verse.) (It isn’t verse.) As a result, we have to look pretty closely at verse in order to understand what prose is.
An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". It . ABSTRACTION: a term that is applied to ideas that are philosophical and emotional, not concrete or tangible, yet the idea comes from experience.
Albert Camus (—) Albert Camus was a French-Algerian journalist, playwright, novelist, philosophical essayist, and Nobel laureate. Though he was neither by advanced training nor profession a philosopher, he nevertheless made important, forceful contributions to a wide range of issues in moral philosophy in his novels, reviews, articles, essays, and speeches—from terrorism and.