The different perspectives in psychology on the causes and treatment of anxiety

Kristen Fuller I truly believe everything happens for a reason. A recent weekend was the perfect example. I spent hours differentiating how this person and I deal differently with stress and conflict, and no matter what advice I offered, it was apparent that this person was continuing to struggle as if they were locked inside their own mind.

The different perspectives in psychology on the causes and treatment of anxiety

Facial expression of someone with chronic anxiety Generalized anxiety disorder[ edit ] Main article: Generalized anxiety disorder Generalized anxiety disorder GAD is a common disorder, characterized by long-lasting anxiety that is not focused on any one object or situation.

Those suffering from generalized anxiety disorder experience non-specific persistent fear and worry, and become overly concerned with everyday matters.

Generalized anxiety disorder is "characterized by chronic excessive worry accompanied by three or more of the following symptoms: A diagnosis of GAD is made when a person has been excessively worried about an everyday problem for six months or more.

Specific phobia The single largest category of anxiety disorders is that of specific phobias which includes all cases in which fear and anxiety are triggered by a specific stimulus or situation.

As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. 2. Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of threat or danger 3. Both fear and anxiety have the same physiological features: increase in respiration, perspiration, muscle tension, etc. B. Although unpleasant, experiences of fear/anxiety are adaptive 1. Fight or flight response is protective when danger threatens 2. ABSTRACT. This paper examines the relationship between anxiety and performance from a cognitive-behavioral perspective. Previous research in the field has suggested that the majority of consultations conducted by sport psychologists are related to anxiety.

Common phobias are flying, blood, water, highway driving, and tunnels. When people are exposed to their phobia, they may experience trembling, shortness of breath, or rapid heartbeat. These panic attacksdefined by the APA as fear or discomfort that abruptly arises and peaks in less than ten minutes, can last for several hours.

However sometimes the trigger is unclear and the attacks can arise without warning. To help prevent an attack one can avoid the trigger.

This being said not all attacks can be prevented. In addition to recurrent unexpected panic attacks, a diagnosis of panic disorder requires that said attacks have chronic consequences: As such, those suffering from panic disorder experience symptoms even outside specific panic episodes.

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Often, normal changes in heartbeat are noticed by a panic sufferer, leading them to think something is wrong with their heart or they are about to have another panic attack.

In some cases, a heightened awareness hypervigilance of body functioning occurs during panic attacks, wherein any perceived physiological change is interpreted as a possible life-threatening illness i.

The different perspectives in psychology on the causes and treatment of anxiety

Agoraphobia Agoraphobia is the specific anxiety about being in a place or situation where escape is difficult or embarrassing or where help may be unavailable. A common manifestation involves needing to be in constant view of a door or other escape route.

In addition to the fears themselves, the term agoraphobia is often used to refer to avoidance behaviors that sufferers often develop.

These avoidance behaviors can often have serious consequences and often reinforce the fear they are caused by. Social anxiety disorder[ edit ] Main article: Social anxiety disorder Social anxiety disorder SAD; also known as social phobia describes an intense fear and avoidance of negative public scrutiny, public embarrassment, humiliation, or social interaction.

This fear can be specific to particular social situations such as public speaking or, more typically, is experienced in most or all social interactions. Social anxiety often manifests specific physical symptoms, including blushing, sweating, and difficulty speaking.

As with all phobic disorders, those suffering from social anxiety often will attempt to avoid the source of their anxiety; in the case of social anxiety this is particularly problematic, and in severe cases can lead to complete social isolation.Anxiety is a natural and usually short-lived reaction to a stressful situation, associated with feelings of worry, nervousness or apprehension.

It typically occurs in new, unfamiliar or challenging situations, where the person might not feel up to the task, or where the outcome is uncertain.

This review describes the occurrence of depression in children, symptoms, causes based on the Cognitive Model, Parent x Child Model of Socialization and Tripartite Model of Depression and Anxiety. The Cognitive Perspective.

The different perspectives in psychology on the causes and treatment of anxiety

Cognitive psychology is the school of psychology that examines internal mental processes such as problem solving, memory, and language. “Cognition” refers to thinking and memory processes, and “cognitive development” refers to long-term changes in these processes.

2. Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a vague sense of threat or danger 3. Both fear and anxiety have the same physiological features: increase in respiration, perspiration, muscle tension, etc.

B. Although unpleasant, experiences of fear/anxiety are adaptive 1. Fight or flight response is protective when danger threatens 2. Learn more about anxiety disorders, including types, causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Anxiety disorders are different, though.

AI Article - Cognitive-Behavioral Perspectives of the Relationship Between Anxiety and Performance

They are a group of mental illnesses, and. Anxiety disorders are a group of mental disorders characterized by significant feelings of anxiety and fear. Anxiety is a worry about future events, and fear is a reaction to current events. These feelings may cause physical symptoms, such as a fast heart rate and shakiness.

There are a number of anxiety disorders including generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder.

Anxiety disorder - Wikipedia