The Act extends to whole of India.
Brief Notes on the Wildlife Protection Act of Article shared by India is the first country in the world to have made provisions for the protection and conservation of environment in its constitution. On 5th Juneenvironment was first discussed as an item of international agenda in the U.
The provisions for environmental protection in the constitution were made within four years of Stockholm Conference, inthough the 42nd amendment as follows: ArticleA of the constitution provides: It shall be duty of every citizen of India to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wildlife an to have compassion for living creatures.
Some of the important Acts passed by the Government of India are discussed here. The passing of the Wildlife Act of constitutes an important landmark in the history of wildlife legislation in the country.
Having regard to the importance of the matter, the Act has been adopted by all the States except that of Jammu and Kashmir which has a similar law enacted for the purpose of wildlife protection. The Wildlife Protection Act of provides the basic framework to ensure the protection and management of wildlife.
The Act was amended subsequently in, and to accommodate provision for its effective implementation. The rationale for passing Act as stated in its Statement of Objects and Reasons are as follows: Some wild animals and birds have already become extinct in this country and the other in danger of being so.
Areas which were once teeming with wildlife have become devoid of it and even in sanctuaries and National Parks the protection afforded to wildlife needs to be improved.
This existing laws not only have become outdated but also provide punishments, which are not commensurate with the offence and financial benefits that occur from poaching and trade in wildlife produce.
Salient features of the Act: The Wildlife Protection Act, which we read today is a product of process which started long ago in for the protection of a few wild birds and after addition of wild animals in and specified plants in it covered almost all the wildlife resources which need protection and management.
A few salient features of the Act are as follows: The Wildlife Act of as amended in, and has 7 Chapters, 66 Sections and 6 Schedules. The Act with its various amendments provides the necessary tool to prevent damage to the wildlife.
The rating of the Schedules I to V is in accordance with the risk of survival of the wildlife fauna enlisted in them. Animals included Schedule are provided for total protection from hunting and the trade and commerce related to such animals are strictly regulated.
The schedule VI has been added to include the specified plant species to be protected by the Wildlife Protection Amendment Act of An expert committee, constituted by the Indian Board of Wildlife considers amendments to the Act, as and when necessary. With the amendment of the Act inpowers of the State Governments have been withdrawn almost totally.
Now the State Governments are not empowered to declare any wild animal a vermin. Further by addition of provision, immunization of livestock within a radius of 5 km from a National Park or sanctuary has been made compulsory. Broadly speaking the amendment provides the follows: Greater powers to enforcement authority.
Greater say to individuals or NGOs in matter concerning wildlife protection. The Central Government Officers as well as individuals now can file complaints in the court for offences. More impact on wildlife trade. Setting up of a Central Zoo Authority. Greater protection to wildlife through prohibiting hunting of wild animals other than vermin.
Provision to prohibit collection and exploitation of wild plants which are threatened with extinction. Provision to extract and deal in snake venom for producing life saving drugs.
Provision to ban trade in Africa ivory. Enhanced punishments for isolations. Payment of rewards to persons helping in apprehension of offenders.Against the backdrop of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June , in which India was a participant, the Central Government enacted a legislation, ‘The Environment (Protection) Act, ’, with an objective for protection and improvement of the environment and for matters connected therewith.
Write a short note about environmental enforcement and regulations Write about wildlife protection act its salient features and limitations Briefly describe the different methods of water conservation and watershed management.
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) was one of the first laws ever written that establishes the broad national framework for protecting our environment.
NEPA's basic policy is to assure that all branches of government give proper consideration to the environment prior to undertaking any.
Short Essay on Pollution and Environment Protection Act Article shared by Short Essay on Pollution and Environment Protection Act – Environment is an important part of human life and a healthy environment is a must for human existence. Environmental law, also known as environmental and natural resources law, is a collective term describing the network of treaties, statutes, regulations, common and customary laws addressing the effects of human activity on the natural r-bridal.com core environmental law regimes address environmental pollution.A related but distinct set of regulatory regimes, now strongly influenced by.
The Wildlife Protection Act, is an Act of the Parliament of India enacted for protection of plants and animal species. Before , India only had five designated national parks. Among other reforms, the Act established schedules of protected plant and animal species; hunting or harvesting these species was largely outlawed.